Drug testing simply refers to the way through which the type and amount of illegal or legal drugs consumed by an individual can be evaluated. It is the process in which a biological material, like sweat, saliva, urine, and hair, is examined with the aim of detecting the presence of certain drugs and determining prior drug usage. Drug testing has a number of applications some of which include identifying a possible drug dependency, helping diagnosticians handle medical cases or aiding employers or parents screen their employees or children.
Types of Drug Testing
Several drug test techniques exist that can be used in detecting the presence of the illicit drug in the body. They include;
Urine Drug testing
Urine drug testing is a common drug-testing technique that is used to check for drug or metabolite present in urine. The test is mostly performed on individuals suspected to be using illicit drugs like marijuana, cocaine, and benzodiazepines. It is also performed on individuals believed to be dependent opiates. This test is noninvasive and is generally preferred by many because drug metabolites from the body are mainly excreted in urine. The test exists in two types- a screening test and a confirmatory test. The screening test involves looking for the parent drug or metabolite using immunoassay while the confirmatory test is used to test for the presence of a specific drug using high-performance liquid chromatography or gas chromatography.
Urine drug screens can be used for the following purposes;
l Employment screening. Most employers currently demand that their employees undergo a drug test when hiring them or when checking for their use of drugs while working.
l Sports participation. Sports is one of the areas where drug testing is highly applied. Most sports organizations require their athletes to pass tests for substances like anabolic steroids that enhances performance.
l Legal purposes. Drug tests are preferred for people involved in accidents, such as drivers, as a part of a criminal investigation.
l Monitoring opioid use. Drug testing can also be used by doctors in monitoring medication use by those prescribed an opioid to ensure that they take the prescribed amount.
Endeavor To Know Your Rights
Investigate your state’s laws on policies of drug testing. Each state has diverse approaches with regards to drug testing. There are laws directing how both new candidates and current representatives can be tested. In many cases, the business is legitimately permitted to regulate drug testing, yet just in case it gives appropriate notice and has the test managed by a state-run research facility. Other common necessities include:
• All candidates must be tested in a similar way. In case a candidate is applying for employment, the way that a drug test is a piece of the procedure must be obvious from the beginning. As a rule, a business isn’t permitted to direct irregular medication tests or cover tranquilize tests. Much of the time, a company can test a worker for drugs if it has sensible doubt that the representative is using drugs by working inadequately, having erratic behavior and so on.
• Request a second test in the event that you get the opportunity. Detoxing from THC will help a ton with your test. Tests for urine are the minimum precise tests, however, every one of them is error-prone. Utilize this further bolstering your good fortune in the event that you wind up coming up short a drug test. Once you’ve bombed, there’s no damage in requesting another test; say you can’t help contradicting the outcomes and might want to take it once more.